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Tuesday, February 23, 2010

Look at Me; I'm A Blushing...

Grapefruit! February is National Grapefruit Month!!!

Grapefruit; I don't know what it is about the "forbidden fruit" of Barbados." I wouldn't feel at all deprived if I never had a dish of grapefruit set before me again. It isn't that I'm opposed to all things grapefruit, on the contrary, like most citrus fruit I've encountered in my "lifetime," grapefruit seems quite the versatile little "fellow." Personally, what I find most objectionable, when it comes to grapefruit, is the name. Why in heaven's name is a grapefruit called that when it doesn't even look like a grape?

Before you rule out the fruit's growing habits, let's see what the Science Reference Services @ the Library of Congress offers as an explanation.

It is believed that the name refers to the manner in which grapefruit grows in clusters on a tree. It is suggested that these clusters resemble the shape of large yellow grapes and so the fruit was called a grapefruit. Another explanation is that the premature grapefruit looks similar in shape to unripe green grapes.
When this new fruit was adopted into cultivation and the name grapefruit came into general circulation, American horticulturists viewed that title as so inappropriate that they endeavored to have it dropped in favor of "pomelo". However, it was difficult to avoid confusion with the pummelo, and the name grapefruit prevailed, and is in international use except in Spanish-speaking areas where the fruit is called toronja. In 1962, Florida Citrus Mutual proposed changing the name to something more appealing to consumers in order to stimulate greater sales. There were so many protests from the public against a name change that the idea was abandoned. source

Side-Note: According to The Wise Encyclopedia of Cookery (1971)

"Grapefruit: a large, round, or oblong citrus fruit, an improved variety of the shaddock, the original pamplemousse, a name which is now made to serve for both shaddock and grapefruit...As for the reason why grapefruit is called as such, "The grapefruit is called grapefruit because it frequently grows in large clusters, the same as grapes grow; and, like grapes, it is now being used as a source of wines, brandies, and cordials. Sometimes it is referred to as forbidden fruit on account of a cordial by that name which has been made from the juice."

The major citrus producing states in the United States include Florida, California, Arizona and Texas. I have a sort of "cute" recipe leaflet from the people over at Texas Citrus that offers "the Magic" qualities of the Ruby Red Grapefruit that I wanted to share with you today but, unfortunately, I'm not going to be able to really dig in to the history of Texas Grapefruit or any other grapefruit for that matter as there is still a lot going on here that I won't get to "discuss" until next week. I will tell you, I'm on my way down to New York and won't be back until Monday. I won't have my computer with me either...

Grapefruit in Texas

Little is known of the first plantings of grapefruit in Texas. We do know that a man by the name of John H. Shary is well remembered as the "Father of the Citrus Industry" in the history of Texas Grapefruit. While the first grapefruit were white-fleshed and seedy, the Texas grapefruit industry developed around seedless, dark red grapefruit varieties that are now grown and enjoyed all over the world.

The first reported planting of a grove in Texas was 1893. Initial grapefruit plantings in Texas were the white varieties, followed by pink varieties. John H. Shary, a developer originally from Omaha, Nebraska, was so impressed by the small crop raised by early citrus experimenters that he felt citrus was the crop of the future for Texas. Texas Citrus

Do me a favor, will you? The next time you enjoy a grapefruit, will you count the sections? I read somewhere that every hybrid grapefruit has 12 sections. Is that possible with so many varieties at our fingertips? 

Grapefruits are available year round. One reason for this convenience is because grapefruit keep well on the tree and continue to grow for several months. The best fruit from Florida and Texas are found between October and June and the peak of the season is from January to June. In July, August, and September, California and Arizona grapefruit are more readily available. Grapefruit should be individually wrapped and stored at 40-60 degrees. They freeze well too!!! Grapefruits come in assorted sizes and in a variety of skin and flesh colors. Some have seeds, others are seedless. The skins may be golden yellow, red-checked, bronze, or russet. The flesh colors are either yellow, pink, or red. Grapefruits come in all different sizes. Some are as small as an orange, others are as big as a melon.

Yellow, Pink & Red Grapefruit

First, we need to figure out how to choose a grapefruit. Grapefruit are divided into three main categories according to the color of their flesh, juice and skin. Bear in mind that the color of any grapefruit variety is affected by soil and climate. Time of year determines the quality, flavor, and texture of the fruit also. Until about fifty years ago, nearly all grapefruit were of a variety called the Duncan. They were thin-skinned, heavy, fine flavored, and full of juice, but also full of seeds. Hybrid grapefruit are different from the original grapefruit, which can still be found in Oriental markets. Called pomelos or shadocks, these tend to be larger than grapefruit, with rough, puffy, thick rinds and lots of seeds.

Yellow or pale colored varieties include:
Duncan, a favorite of Martha Stewart, Marsh, Oroblanco, Goldens, Wheeney, Sweetie and Melogold.
The most common pink varieties are:
Henderson Ruby, Ruby, Marsh Ruby, Ray Ruby, Red Blush, Thompson and Foster.
Grapefruit often exhibiting a deeper shade of red are:
Star Ruby, Ruby Red, Rio Star, Rio Red, Sunrise and Jaffa Sunrise.

Recipes

You might be surprised to discover that grapefruit is not only for breakfast. When I was researching a post for Inventors' Day earlier this month for my other blog, I happened upon a most interesting recipe for Cheddar Broiled Grapefruit in a book titled Cheese Cookery published by HP Books in 1980. (I was posting on the invention of the cheese slicer:)

Cheddar Broiled Grapefruit
3 grapefruits
3/4 cup shredded sharp Cheddar Cheese
1/2 cup firmly packed light brown sugar
1/4 tsp. ground nutmeg
1/8 tsp. salt
1/2 cup sour cream
6 maraschino cherries
Preheat broiler. Use a grapefruit knife or kitchen shears to remove cores from grapefruit. Use a sharp knife to cut around sections. (see quick sectioning tips here)
Place grapefruit on a baking sheet. Broil 4 inches from heat, 2 minutes. In a small bowl, toss cheese and brown sugar to combine. Sprinkle evenly over broiled grapefruit. Return to broiler until cheese mixture melts and bubbles. Stir nutmeg and salt into sour cream. Top each grapefruit with a dollop of sour cream mixture. Return to broiler to glaze, about 30 seconds. Garnish with cherries. Makes 6 servings.

I'm leaving a list of additional grapefruit recipe resources down below. I've picked out some really good ones too!!! Perhaps, you should begin with this recipe for Grapefruit Habanero Margarita since I missed National Margarita Day yesterday. The next recipe sounds like fun. It reminds me of recipe I found a while back using lemons. It's one of the recipes enclosed in the Texas Citrus leaflet however, it's also available here with more recipes using "The Magic of the Valley."

Texas Cocktail Squeeze
6 Texas Red Grapefruit
1/2 cup orange flavored liqueur
2 tablespoons rum
drinking straws
Directions:
Roll grapefruit back and forth on hard surface to soften and release juices. Then, with sharp knife or apple corer, make a 1-inch round hole in stem end of grapefruit. Continue to core center of grapefruit, removing seeds, if necessary, and being careful not to puncture bottom of fruit. Combine liqueur and rum; pour into openings, dividing equally. Insert straws for sipping. Grapefruit can be held in the hand for drinking, and squeezed to release more juice. Makes 6 drinks.

Here's an "oldie" I found over at Lidian's Kitchen Retro.
Grape Fruit Lozenges
1 tablespoon Cox’s Gelatine (I'm sure any unflavored gelatin would work)
1-1/2 cups confectioners sugar

8 tablespoons cold water
1/2 tablespoon corn or golden syrup

4 tablespoons grape fruit juice

Yellow food color
Directions:
Put one-half cup of the confectioner’s sugar and four tablespoonfuls of cold water into a saucepan; when dissolved, add corn syup, bring to the boiling point, add gelatine mixed with remainder of water, grape fruit juice and a few drops of yellow color. Sift remainder of sugar into a bowl, pour hot mixture into center, and allow it to cool. Work it with a wooden spoon until smooth. Spread mixture into a layer one inch thick in a wet pan, allow it to harden, cut into squares and roll in sugar.

Remember that auction I went to a couple of weekends ago? The next recipe comes from one of the books I won! Cook's Illustrated 2005. Yes indeed, a complete bound book of all the Cook's Illustrated Magazines for 2005. I also won complete years for 2000 and 2006!!! So cool...

Grapefruit-Lime Vinaigrette with Mint & Chives
Make sure to remove all white pith and membranes from grapefruit sections destined for garnishing fish.
2 tbs. juice from 1/2 pink grapefruit (remaining 1/2 cut into sections for serving)
2 tbs. juice from 1 to 2 limes
1 medium shallot, minced (about 3 tbs.)
1 tsp. honey
6 tbs. extra virgin olive oil
1 tbs. chopped fresh mint leaves
1 tbs. chopped fresh chives
table salt & pepper
Directions:
1. Combine grapefruit and lime juices, shallot and honey in medium bowl. Whisking constantly, gradually add olive oil; add mint and chives and season to taste with salt and pepper. Set aside while cooking fish.
2. To serve, whisk vinaigrette to recombine; drizzle vinaigrette over fish fillets and serve immediately with grapefruit sections.

In Australia, grapefruit peel is commercially processed as marmalade. You may just want to "give it a go" at home once you feast your eyes on this recipe for Grapefruit & Ginger Marmalade. Now, look at this recipe for Candied Grapefruit Shells filled with Fruitcake!!!  Wouldn't they make great holiday gifts?

Both grapefruit seed oil and extract are said to have antiseptic qualities. Grapefruit seed extract (GSE) was developed by a physicist from Yugoslavia by the name Dr. Jacob Harich. Grapefruit peel is rich with pectin which is used for the preservation of other fruits. Some believe the pectin found in grapefruit may have health benefits in the battle against high cholesterol. The oil from the peel has also been use as soft-drink flavoring. Commercially, it is used in cattle feed or converted into ethanol.

Not only is grapefruit good for you, Grapefruit can be used in natural skincare treatment at home. Whether it be a Refreshing Grapefruit Facial Mask or in the ability to be able to grow your own little grapefruit tree indoors, grapefruit sure does sound like the fruit that just keeps on giving.

Happy Grapefruit Month! Chances are, I won't be visiting or posting while I'm down in New York. (I'm leaving Thursday:) I'm going to try to get a "pre-baked" post up on Sunday with a short list of what food celebrations we can get ready for in March. 

FYI: Today is National Dog Biscuit Day. I guess I'm just going to have to wait until next year to do a post. In the mean time, I sent this recipe for Cleo's Pumpkin Dog Biscuits to my daughter, Michele and she said her Labs just love them!!!

Resources
1. February Is National Grapefruit Month (texas grapefruit recipes)
2. Grapefruit Month in Congress (short NY Times article; notice the date:)
3. Grapefruit: a fruit with a bit of a complex (Art Culinaire, Winter, 2007)
4. Grapefruit Uses
5. Limonin: Health Benefits in Citrus Fruits
6. Ocean Spray celebrates National Grapefruit Month
7. How does Grapefruit Juice affect Medications?
8. Grapefruit Essential Oil
Recipes
1. Honey Lavender Cupcakes with Grapefruit Frosting @ Baa Baa Cupcake
2. Grapefruit Cake with Cream Cheese Frosting @ Adventures in the Kitchen
3. Ginger and Pink Grapefruit Cheesecake @ Epicurious
4. Grapefruit Berry Turnovers
5. Frozen Grapefruit Shirley Temple @ Mare's Food & Fun
6. Frozen Grapefruit Mousse @ Canadian Living
7. Grapefruit & Shrimp Salad with Honey Soy Dressing
8. Home-made Grapefruit Wine

25 Nibbles:

Selba said...

The first time, I ate Grape Fruit when I was in the USA and... I love it :)

Too bad, never find it here in Indonesia.

5 Star Foodie said...

Growing up I was not a big fan of grapefruit but I'm getting around to liking it more now. The Cheddar Broiled Grapefruit preparation sounds very unique and I would really love to try that dish!

Channon said...

Fred - my departed male basset - loved pink grapefruit like no other food in this world. Crazy dog. I can't seem to enjoy it quite as much without him drooling at my feet.

Mae Travels said...

I always wondered why it was called that. Thanks!

julia said...

I rarely eat grapefruit anymore. My favorite way to eat it is with brown sugar and broiled under the broiler for a few minutes! I first section it and make sure the brown sugar gets all the way down in to the sections. I understand that people on blood pressure meds aren't supposed to eat much grapefruit! I love to learn from you!

Rosa's Yummy Yums said...

Interesting recipes! I love Florida grapefruits.

Cheers,

Rosa

Marjie said...

I have a love/hate relationship with grapefruit. I love the pink ones, sometimes, but not the white ones. And I have to be in the mood. I also worry about the fact that it interferes with some medications.

Have fun in NY; try to get there before Thursday night, so you miss the snowstorm!

Barbara said...

I eat grapefruit for breakfast 3-4 monrings a week. (Will definitely count the sections! Can't believe it's always 12.)
Love your info on it and your recipes.

Petra said...

In Germany we call it also Pampelmuse - doesn't it sound funny?

Janet Rudolph said...

How fascinating. I love grapefruit. My mother served grapefruit as the first course most evenings. Alas, grapefruit interferes with several medications. Not mine, but my mother's, and she can't have it any more.

Re: Dog Biscuits. I prepared a post on Dying for Chocolate, but the day got away from me. No chocolate for dogs, but also some recipes. Next year or next month as a special.

Cinnamon-Girl said...

I'm not a huge fan of grapefruit but I've never used it in a recipe. I bet I would like it a lot better that way - like the vinaigrette.

Natashya KitchenPuppies said...

Yum, I love a grapefruit in the morning, even though hubs can't eat them anymore he still sections one for me - that is love!

tasteofbeirut said...

That was quite a post! I don't think anything was left unsaid about grapefruit; there's a few ideas I would like to use, namely the cocktail, the dressing, and the broiled grapefruit.
As far as adding me to your blog list, I would be honored. Thanks and I will reciprocate once I get that section of my blog organized; I enjoy your erudite posts very much!
Joumana
Oh, I forgot, about the chick peas, these are strictly made commercially, I don't know of any recipe for home use, but if I run into one, I will let you know!

~~louise~~ said...

What Selby! no grapefruit in Indonesia? I read somewhere that it is called anggur buah and that the pomelo may have originated in either Malaysia or Indonesia. You'll just have to come visit the US for another tasting, LOL:)

I thought The Cheddar Broiled Grapefruit sounded rather intriguing too, 5 Star Foodie. Let us know if you give it a try!

No matter how I try, Channnon. I just can't picture a "Crazy dog" using a grapefruit knife! Too funny:)

I'm glad you enjoyed the "serving," Mae. Anytime!!!

I think one of the reasons I cut back on grapefruit was because I always covered it in way too much sugar, Julia. It seems that grapefruit is more likely to have a reaction with some medications but I was surprised to learn other fruits can also. Thank for visiting. It's always nice to "see" you:)

Selba said...

Oh... true, grapefruit if it's translate literally to Indonesian language is

grape = anggur
fruit = buah

As for pomelo, yes, we do have it and the size is really BIG, like a giant oranges with yellow greenish skin, inside of it is pink color or white color. We call it as Jeruk Bali (trans: Jeruk = oranges, Bali = the name of Bali island). We eat it directly plain because it's very sweet with a bit fresh tangy taste :)

It's very different than the those grapefruit that I ate in the USA, where I need to add a spoon of sugar and the size of the grapefruit was the same size as oranges.

How I wish to come back to the USA ;)

The Blonde Duck said...

I loved the grapefruit in Texas facts.

T.W. Barritt at Culinary Types said...

I've always been partial to pink grapefruit, and for some reason, I think the simple broiling technique is really nice. They always give a lift on these gloomy winter days.

About the Bumble Bee said...

Hi Louise,

Thankyou for this grapefruit filled extravaganza!

Who knew the boring old grapefruit was quite so versatile. Strangely, I have actually wondered why it is called a grapefruit, so thanks for clearing that one up. Trivial Pursuit look out here I come :)

Gillian
X

Jim Hardin said...

BOOO!!

Just thought I would pop in and say Hi! I could use a nice juicy grapefruit right now!

Kate at Serendipity said...

Louise, thanks for all this information. I love to read about the things you write about--grapefruit being one of them! I always wondered where the name came from. I love grapefruit, just cut in half and eaten plain.

Thanks for another wonderful post!

Katy ~ said...

I peel grapefruit and eat it like an orange. I don't know about eating it with cheese...would have to think about that one, grins. The recipes you found and and shared are so versatile. I never knew that this fruit could be used in so many delectable ways. Thank you for sharing!

Sophie said...

Hello Louise,

Brussels calling! I so love grapefruits. I peel them like oranges & I also love them in savoury dishes, like fish cakes with a watercress & rose grapefruit salad & with a olive oi l& grapefruit dressing!!

Your recipes sing to me!!

Cash Loans said...

Amazing. Love grapefruit and my mouth is just watering reading your recipe and looking at your photos. I'll let you know how I get on!
Regards,

~~louise~~ said...

Thank you every one for all your wonderful comments. You all got me puckering, LOL

Welcome Cash Loans, we'd love to hear "how you get on." Drop by anytime:)

OysterCulture said...

Very interesting post - I learned a lot! I never would have thought to combine cheddar cheese and grapefruit and am very intrigued as to how it would turn out. Thanks for all the information, loved it!